1.Dieback in Lemon:- Copper (Cu)
2.Little Leaf in Lemon:- Copper (Cu)
3.Yellow Spot Disorder in Lemon :- Molybdenum (Mb)
4.Internal Necrocin in Annola:- Boron (Bo)
5.Little Leaf in Mango & Brinjal:- Zinc (Zn)
6.Millerandge Disorder in Grapes:- Boron (Bo)
7.Water Core in Banana :- Due to Particles of Ice & Deposition of Sorbitol
8.Bronzing in Guava:- Zinc (Zn)
9.Scorching (Burning of Leaves) in Mango:- Potassium (K) & Excess of Chloride in Water
10.Internal Necrocin in Mangoes:- Boron (Bo)
11.Scorching in Litchi:- Potassium (K)
12.Black Tip in Mango:- SO2Gas from Kiln
13.Bunchy Disease in Peanut :- Zinc (Zn)
14.“Hen & Chicken” in Grapes:- Boron (Bo)
SOME IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT FRUITS:-
◆ West Bengal is the largest producer of Pineapple in India.
◆ Nagpur[Maharashtra] is the largest producer of oranges in India.
◆ Largest producer of Sapota is Maharashtra followed by Karnataka.
◆ Mango is planted at 10x10m distance while Banana at 3x3m. Both are commercially broadcasted by the following methods respectively:- Beniar Grafting, Enarching, Circus.
◆ Minimum requirement of fruits for human are 92gm.
◆ The largest exporter nations of Banana in the world are:- Equador & Costa Rica respectively.
◆ India is the largest Producer, Consumer, & Exporter of Cashew Nuts in the world. Maharashtra is the largest producer of Cashew Nuts in India followed by Kerala.
◆ In fruits, maximum Vitamin C is present in Barbados Cherry.
◆ In India, Annola (Awla) is produced maximum in Uttar Pradesh (Pratapgarh). Honeybees help in pollination of Annola.
◆ In fruits, Litchi, Oranges, Lokat, Peach, & Apricot has their origin place in China; Bel,, Jackfruit & Falsa in India; Papaya, Avocado & Sapota in Mexico; Guava in Peru; Banana in South-Western Asia; Annola in Indo-China And Mango in Indo-Burma.
◆ Bel is the main source of Vitamin B2(Riboflavin).
◆ Karonda is the main source of Iron.
Fruits with Highest Area Cover in India :-
◆ Mango [37.8%]
◆ Citrus [12.9%]
◆ Banana [12.5%]
Fruits with highest production in India:-
◆ Banana [35.9%]
◆ Mango [22.8%]
◆ Citrus [10%]
◆ Guava [4.12%]
◆ Papaya [3.59%]
Availability Of Nutrients In Fruits :-
1.Vitamin A :- Mango> Papaya> Parsimon
2.Vitamin B1(Thymin) :- Cashew Nut> Walnut> Almond> Pineapple
3.Vitamin B2(Riboflavin) :- Bel> Papaya> Cashew Nut> Litchi
4.Vitamin C :- Barbados Cherry> Anwla> Guava> Lemon> Sweet Orange
CARBOHYDRATES:- Resin> Pineapple> Dates> Banana> Bel> Jamun
PROTIENS:- Cashew Nut(21.2%)> Almond(20.8%)> Walnut(15.6%)
FAT :- Walnut(64.5%)> Almond(58.9%)> Cashew Nut(46.9%)> Avocado(22.8%)
■ CARBONIC ACIDS:-
1.Citric Acid:- Berry> Citric Fruits> Guava> Pear
2.Malic Acid:- Apple> Banana> Cherry> Plum> Watermelon
3.Tartaric Acid:- Tamarind(Imli)> Grapes
1.Calcium:- Litchi> Karonda> Walnut
2.Iron:- Karonda> Dates> Walnut> Apple
3.Phosphorus:- Almonds> Cashew Nut> Walnut> Litchi
Classification Of Fruits According To Atmosphere:-
Tropical Fruits:- Mango, Banana, Papaya, Pineapple, Custard, Jackfruit, Cashew Nut, Sapota, Nuts etc.
Sub-Tropical Fruits:- Grapes, Fig(Anzir), Oranges, Lemon, Guava, Avocado, Litchi, Ber, Dates, Phalsa, Pomegranate, Amla, Lokat.
Temperate Fruits:- Apple, Pear, Almonds, Cherry, Strawberry, Walnut, Chestnut, Hazelnut, Peeknut, Chilgoza, Khubani, Aadu, Aaloo-Bukhara
Evergreen Fruits:- Mango, Litchi, Lemon, Sapota, Lokat
Autumn Fruits:- Apple, Pear, Aadu, Aalucha, Khubani